ActiveState!

ActivePerl Documentation
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(Usage Statistics)
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* ActivePerl FAQ
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 POE::Filter - POE Protocol Abstraction


NAME

POE::Filter - POE Protocol Abstraction


SUPPORTED PLATFORMS

  • Linux
  • Solaris
  • Windows
This module is not included with the standard ActivePerl distribution. It is available as a separate download using PPM.

SYNOPSIS

  $filter = new POE::Filter::Something();
  $arrayref_of_logical_chunks =
    $filter->get($arrayref_of_raw_chunks_from_driver);
  $arrayref_of_streamable_chunks_for_driver =
     $filter->put($arrayref_of_logical_chunks);


DESCRIPTION

Filters provide a generic interface for low and medium level protocols. Wheels use this interface to communicate in different protocols without necessarily having to know the details for each.

In theory, filters should be interchangeable. In practice, stream and block protocols tend to be incompatible.


PUBLIC FILTER METHODS

These methods are the generic Filter interface. Specific filters may have additional methods.

  • POE::Filter::new()

    The new() method creates and initializes a new filter. Specific filters may have different constructor parameters.

  • POE::Filter::get($arrayref_of_raw_chunks_from_driver)

    The get() method translates raw stream data into logical units. It accepts a reference to an array of raw stream chunks as returned from POE::Driver::get(). It returns a reference to an array of complete logical data chunks. There may or may not be a 1:1 correspondence between raw stream chunks and logical data chunks.

    Some filters may buffer partial logical units until they are completed in subsequent get() calls.

    The get() method returns a reference to an empty array if the stream doesn't include enough information for a complete logical unit.

  • POE::Filter::put($arrayref_of_logical_chunks)

    The put() method takes a reference to an array of logical data chunks. It serializes them into streamable representations suitable for POE::Driver::put(). It returns the raw streamable versions in a different array reference.

  • POE::Filter::get_pending()

    The get_pending() method is part of wheels' buffer swapping mechanism. It clears the filter's input buffer and returns a copy of whatever was in it. It doesn't manipulate filters' output buffers because they don't exist (filters expect to receive entire logical data chunks from sessions, so there's no reason to buffer data and frame it).

    Please note that relying on the get_pending() method in networked settings require some forethought. For instance, POE::Filter::Stream never buffers data.

    Switching filters usually requires some sort of flow control, otherwise it's easy to cause a race condition where one side sends the wrong type of information for the other side's current filter. Framing errors will ensue. Consider the following:

    Assume a server and client are using POE::Filter::Line. When the client asks the server to switch to POE::Filter::Reference, it should wait for the server's ACK or NAK before changing its own filter. This lets the client avoid sending referenced data while the server still is parsing lines.

    Here's something else to consider. Programs using POE::Wheel::put() on TCP sockets cannot rely on each put data chunk arriving separately on the receiving end of the connection. This is because TCP coalesces packets whenever possible, to minimize packet header overhead.

    Most systems have a way to disable the TCP delay (Nagle's algorithm), in one form or another. If you need this, please check your C headers for the TCP_NODELAY socket option. It's neither portable, nor supported in Perl by default.

    The filterchange.perl sample program copes with flow control while switching filters.


SEE ALSO

POE::Filter::HTTPD; POE::Filter::Line; POE::Filter::Reference; POE::Filter::Stream


BUGS

Oh, probably some.


AUTHORS & COPYRIGHTS

Please see the POE manpage.

 POE::Filter - POE Protocol Abstraction